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From World War to Cold War: Music in US-Korea Relations, 1941-1960

Park, Hye-jung. From World War to Cold War: Music in US-Korea Relations, 1941-1960, The Ohio State University, Ann Arbor, 2019. ProQuest, https://www-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/dissertations-theses/world-war-cold-music-us-korea-relations-1941-1960/docview/2267426706/se-2?accountid=8289.

From the “Description” the final sentence relates that the political goals of the United States/South Korea alliance shaped the experience of Western music that was disseminated in South Korea. Once again, music as propaganda, perhaps more subtle than Soviet-style music propaganda, is an underlying topic for this dissertation. The period covers from the end period of Japanese colonialism (1941-1945) in Korea through much of the cold war that South Korea and the United States had with North Korea (through 1960). Details of how music is used as propaganda are intertwined with the story of getting a people to adopt an attitude of support for great societal change.

Music in the Revolutionary War

https://www.mountvernon.org/george-washington/the-revolutionary-war/music/#-

This is a great website with demos of drum communication and fife music. Drum signals demonstrated: Turn Left, Turn Right, Water Call, First Sergeant’s Call, Quick Step, Slow Step, . Fife music and signals played: Yankee Doodle old and new, The Girl I Left Behind Me, Cease Fire. The playing by Don Francisco (drum and fife) is thrilling with a fine design to the website which you would expect from Mount Vernon – home of the man himself, George Washington and his beloved wife Martha.

The Marvel Sonic Narrative . . .

Walker, Anthony James. The Marvel Sonic Narrative: A Study of the Film Music in Marvel’s The Avengers, Avengers: Infinity War, and Avengers: Endgame. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2019.

This is a highly specialized look at the music of three of the four films of the Marvel Avengers enterprise as of its writing, i.e. 2019. The three films are: Marvel’s The Avengers, Avengers: Infinity War, and Avengers: Endgame. The second film of the series, Avengers: Age of Ultron, was not examined. The reason to include this here is that the Avengers are avenging something. There is always conflict. Conflict seems to be at the core of their existence with them being the “good guys” going after the “bad guys”. (I am not an aficionado of the series but read some of the comic books as a child in the 1960s.)

For instance, imdb.com sums up “Marvel’s The Avengers” thus: “Earth’s mightiest heroes must come together and learn to fight as a team if they are going to stop the mischievous Loki and his alien army from enslaving humanity (np)”. This seems to me to have the same core setup as the comics of yore.

So! Function and continuity of the music in the three films is the basis of the essay. Somewhat akin to Mozart and Verdi operas and Wagner’s Ring cycle, the music is an integral part in identifying and emphasizing character, situations, emotions, and plot points. “Ultimately , this document will uncover vital themes that progress the sonic narrative in the Avengers soundscape” (Description).

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Transferring real life on battlefields, in camps, training, fighting, entertaining troops or civilians, whiling away time to the “big screen” and fictional characters and stories, this dissertation shows how much music is important to films that depict conflict. How much it is integral to crafting sonic landscapes for maximum impact of story lines, just as in real life. Only in real life the story lines have true consequences not just plot outcomes. But instructive nonetheless.

IMDb. The Avengers, 1990-2021, https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0848228/. Accessed 20 May 2021.

Everts, Cynthia Ann. Unbounded: Susie King Taylor’s Civil War. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2016.

Everts, Cynthia Ann. Unbounded: Susie King Taylor’s Civil War. ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2016.

A gem of a find. This relates many things in the camp. Only anecdote about music is of a pet pig that marched in time to the soldiers’ marching. But the descriptions of camp life in the Civil War in a Negro regiment is of great value. Of even more value is the relating of the accomplishments of Susie King Taylor and other women in her family. This cannot be overstated given the time and the prejudice that confronted people of color in that era.

Alexander Milliner, Age Ten, Enlisted September 1780 – Lindsey Wood

This is a wonderful article concerning one of the longest living American Revolution soldiers. Many intriguing and apparently accurate recollections by Mr. Milliner are conveyed. What is remarkable to me also is the exacting and explanatory writing of Ms. Wood. She is able to explain what the man conveyed to author Elias Brewster Hillard in a way that takes into account various scenarios allowing for the reader to decide on the veracity of the accounts. For instance, Milliner recounts having been wounded and not knowing it until a passing officer pointed out that he was bleeding profusely. “Despite the apparent severity of the wound the elderly Milliner seemed to be no more concerned by the memory than he had been as a boy before the officer spoke to him. . .This casual outlook on injury was by no means unheard of even for a young child, but rather speaks to just how involved the camp followers were in battles and the war itself.” This also shows how Wood can extrapolate generalities of conduct during the war and how to approach reading first-hand accounts.

Sighs of the German People: An Emotional History of Musical Sigh – Compositions During the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) – Thomas J. Marks

Image:

Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Thirty Years’ War”. Encyclopedia Britannica, Invalid Date, https://www.britannica.com/event/Thirty-Years-War. Accessed 25 February 2021.

Marks, Thomas J. Sighs of the German People: An Emotional History of Musical Sigh – Compositions During the Thirty Years War (1618-1648). ProQuest Dissertations Publishing, 2019.

This is a detailed explanation of sighing and something called Seufftzer. The use of this material is good to add to the growing acknowledgement that music is used by the populace to get through difficult times brought on by a country’s participation in war. This particular angle being through the response of the deity. “By singing musical sighs and feeling true repentance from their performance, early modern Germans believed that the harsh realities of the Thirty Years War could be curbed by means of God’s direct intervention in the world” (from the Abstract).

“Pete Seeger’s Last War” – David Hajdu

Works Cited

Hajdu, David. “Pete Seeger’s Last War.” Mother Jones, vol. 29, no. 5, Sep, 2004, pp. 74-78. ProQuest, https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/magazines/pete-seegers-last-war/docview/213808975/se-2?accountid=8289.

From the Abstract: “Hajdu discusses Pete Seeger’s fight to protest the Bush administration’s military policies. To those he still rallies to dissent and activism, however, Seeger remains an inspiration, the unwavering embodiment of progressive idealism. After all, he has been using music to stand up for the disenfranchised and to mobilize their sympathizers since the days of the original American folk-music revival in the 1930s.”

“Not Your Parents’ Protest Music”

Works Cited

Dougherty, Michael B. “Not Your Parents’ Protest Music.” American Conservative, vol. 6, no. 11, Jun 04, 2007, pp. 18-20. ProQuest, https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/magazines/not-your-parents-protest-music/docview/274667427/se-2?accountid=8289.

Theme is that 60s protest music does not hold a candle to present-day (2007) popular protest music with its more explicit naming of malicious actors on the national stage and the things they do to run original American ideals into the ground with outrageous excuses for war making. Good to know that protest against war in music is more alive and more well in 2007.

“‘Goosebumps and Tears’: A 96-Year-Old WWII veteran’s Harmonica Rendition of the National Anthem made Him a Viral Star.”

Works Cited

Chiu, Allyson. “‘Goosebumps and Tears’: A 96-Year-Old WWII veteran’s Harmonica Rendition of the National Anthem made Him a Viral Star.”ProQuest, May 28, 2019, https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/blogs,-podcasts,-websites/goosebumps-tears-96-year-old-wwii-veteran-s/docview/2231239946/se-2?accountid=8289.

Worth listening to the rendition despite the obvious click bait. The feelings are real concerning how important that war was and how it becomes more storied in American history the more time goes by. Actually there are at least two renditions by Pete Dupré:

Pete Dupré “National Anthem”
Pete Dupré “National Anthem”

At War: Music & the British Military in the Long Nineteenth Century – from Musical Times

Works Cited

Williams, Peter. “At War.” Musical Times, vol. 155, no. 1926, Spring, 2014, pp. 118-119. ProQuest, https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/magazines/at-war/docview/1509766099/se-2?accountid=8289.

Deals with British music used in the militaries of that country in the 19th century. Very few musical examples. Lots of generalities. Wind instruments and the British Army are the chief interests.

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